What does an otolaryngologist?

The Otorhinolaryngologist is the medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases that affect the ear, nose and throat, including voice, salivary glands and neck.

In this sense ENT doctors do, among others, hearing tests and endoscopic procedures.

Once the diagnosis is established the specialist recommends the appropriate medical treatment for the disease or, if it is case, does the required surgery for resolution.

The more frequent diseases related to this speciality include, according to the affected organ:


  • hearing loss
  • recurrent otitis
  • tinnitus
  • dizziness
  • facial paralysis


  • rhinitis
  • sinusitis
  • nasal polyps
  • deviated septum
  • nasal deformity
  • nosebleed
  • loss of smell


  • tonsillitis and adenoids
  • snoring
  • dysphonia
  • polyps and nodules of vocal cords
  • throat tumors


  • masses and cervical lymph
  • diseases of the salivary glands and
  • thyroid.